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tanzanite jewellery buying guide

gemstone jewellery

Tanzanite Jewellery Buying Guide

Tanzanite is a rare and highly valued blue-violet gemstone, used in various types of jewellery due to its vibrant and distinct appearance.

tanzanite jewellery guide

What is Tanzanite?

Tanzanite is a captivating and relatively rare gemstone renowned for its mesmerising blue-violet hue and exceptional clarity. A member of the zoisite mineral family, tanzanite is celebrated for its remarkable trichroism, a phenomenon where it displays varying shades of blue, violet, and sometimes even burgundy when viewed from different angles. On the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, tanzanite ranks between 6.5 and 7, making it moderately durable for jewellery purposes. This enchanting gemstone was first unearthed in the Mererani Hills of Tanzania in 1967, an origin that is reflected in its name. However, it was only after its initial discovery that tanzanite truly captured the attention of the gemstone industry and enthusiasts worldwide. One of the factors contributing to its allure is its scarcity; tanzanite is found in only one location on Earth, making it a unique and sought-after choice for jewellery connoisseurs.

Tanzanite Jewellery Inspiration

tanzanite necklace
tanzanite ring
tanzanite earring

Tanzanite Lore and Meaning

Tanzanite, adorned with its enchanting shades of blue-violet, has acquired a variety of significances and connections over its relatively brief existence as a gemstone. Here, we delve into certain dimensions of tanzanite's lore and symbolism:

  1. Spiritual and Metaphysical Properties: Tanzanite is believed by some to possess spiritual and metaphysical qualities. It is often associated with higher consciousness, spiritual insight, and transformation. Some individuals use tanzanite as a tool for meditation and connecting with their inner selves.
  2. Connection to Nature and Spirituality: Some interpretations of tanzanite's colour connect it to the spiritual aspects of the natural world. The blue shades can symbolise the sky and water, representing a connection to nature and the elements.
  3. Emotional Healing: Tanzanite is said to have a calming and soothing effect on emotions. It is believed to help reduce stress, anxiety, and depression while promoting emotional healing and a sense of serenity.

It's important to note that the meanings and associations attributed to gemstones, including tanzanite, are often based on cultural beliefs, historical symbolism, and individual interpretations. Different sources may present varying perspectives on tanzanite's significance, so individuals may resonate with different aspects of its lore based on their own beliefs and experiences.

tanzanite jewellery colour guide

Tanzanite Jewellery Colour Guide


Tanzanite exhibits a diverse range of captivating colours, primarily falling within shades of blue and violet.

The most coveted variation is a rich and vibrant deep blue with underlying violet tones, a colour combination that has contributed to its immense popularity. Alongside this, tanzanite can showcase lush purplish-violet hues, bluish-purple shades that strike a harmonious balance, and even delicate lavender tones.

Some stones carry grayish-blue undertones, lending a cooler and more subdued appearance, while others boast a rare greenish-blue play of colours. It's worth noting that tanzanite's trichroic nature can cause its colour to shift under varying lighting and angles, and heat treatment can enhance its appearance. Ultimately, the preferred tanzanite colour varies based on personal taste, individual stone characteristics, and current market trends.

Where does Tanzanite come from?

where to find tanzanite map

Tanzanite is found exclusively in one location on Earth: the Mererani Hills of northern Tanzania, near the base of Mount Kilimanjaro. This area is the only known source of tanzanite gemstones. The gemstone's name is derived from its place of origin, "Tanzania."

The discovery of tanzanite occurred relatively recently, in 1967, when a Maasai tribesman named Ali Juuyawatu stumbled upon some transparent blue crystals on the ground. The crystals were later identified as a new and distinct variety of the mineral zoisite. Since then, the Mererani Hills have become the primary mining site for tanzanite, making it one of the world's rarest gemstones due to its limited geographic occurrence.

Types of Tanzanite

Lavender Pink Tanzanite

Lavender Pink Tanzanite

Lavender Pink Tanzanite is one of the most rare versions of this gemstone. With captivating hues of purple and pink intertwined together, these can fetch quite a high price. Pink tanzanite's colouration is believed to arise from trace amounts of Manganese, in contrast to the blue variation of tanzanite which obtains its colour from Vanadium.

Green Tanzanite ring

Green Tanzanite

This unique hue, ranging from pale green to deeper shades, infuses tanzanite with an element of nature's freshness and vitality. The presence of green tones adds an alluring dimension to the gemstone's trichroic play of colours. While not as common as its blue and violet counterparts, green tanzanite is sure to intrigue.

Peacock Tanzanite ring

Peacock Tanzanite

Peacock tanzanite is an exquisite variation of this cherished gemstone, displaying a remarkable interplay of colours reminiscent of the vibrant plumage of a peacock. With hues that shift gracefully between shades of blue, violet, and green, this tanzanite variety encapsulates nature's brilliance and opulence.

tanzanite birthstone ring

december birthstone

Tanzanite Birthstone Jewellery

Tanzanite, with its blue and violet hues, has earned a special place as a modern birthstone for the month of December. This gemstone's rich colours mirror the cool and serene tones associated with the winter season, making it an ideal choice for those born during this time. Tanzanite's rarity and distinctiveness align perfectly with the notion of celebrating individuality, making it a meaningful birthstone for those who arrive in the final month of the year.

As a symbol of new beginnings and transformation, tanzanite resonates with the idea of starting a new year of life. It's believed to bring clarity to one's thoughts and enhance communication, qualities that can be particularly valuable as people reflect on the past year and set intentions for the future. Whether worn as a piece of jewellery or kept as a cherished gem, tanzanite as a December birthstone offers a touch of elegance and a connection to the natural world, creating a tangible reminder of one's unique journey through life.

Famous Tanzanites

The Queen of Kilimanjaro

The Queen of Kilimanjaro

The "Queen of Kilimanjaro" gemstone, a remarkable tanzanite, stands as a testament to the captivating beauty and rarity of this unique mineral. Named in honour of the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, where tanzanite was first discovered, this exceptional gemstone embodies the spirit of the breathtaking landscape it hails from. The Queen of Kilimanjaro tanzanite is characterised by its deep, velvety blue-violet hues, reminiscent of the clear African skies and the imposing mountain peaks.

Image: Mineral Gallery in the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto

The Mawenzi

The Mawenzi

As intriguing as the mountain peak it draws its name from, the "Mawenzi" gemstone is a captivating tribute to the majestic beauty of nature. Named after Mawenzi, one of the towering peaks of Mount Kilimanjaro, this gemstone encapsulates the rugged elegance and timeless allure of its namesake. This gemstone is the largest rough tanzanite in the world and weighs approximately 6 pounds.

Image: TanzaniteOne


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